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Active African-American Article III Judges

Article III of the Constitution created the U.S. Supreme Court and gave Congress the power to create the federal courts of appeals and district courts. Since 1789, more than 3,427 judges have served on Article III courts. Currently, there are 146 active African-American Article III Judges.

Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices. At its discretion, and within certain guidelines established by Congress, the Supreme Court each year hears a limited number of the cases it is asked to decide. Those cases may begin in the federal or state courts and usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law.

Clarence ThomasSupreme Court10/18/1991ActiveMale

Court of Appeals

The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a United States Court of Appeals. This court hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit and appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies. In addition, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.

Allyson K. DuncanFourth Circuit8/15/2003ActiveFemale
Amalya L. KearseSecond Circuit6/21/1979Senior Status 6/11/02Female
Andre M. DavisFourth Circuit11/10/2009Terminated/Retired 8/31/17Male
Ann Claire WilliamsSeventh Circuit11/15/1999Senior Status 6/5/17Female
Barrington Parker, Jr.Second Circuit10/16/2001Senior Status 10/10/09Male
Bernice B. DonaldSixth Circuit9/8/2011ActiveFemale
Carl Stewart***Fifth Circuit5/9/1994ActiveMale
Charles R. WilsonEleventh Circuit8/9/1999ActiveMale
Damon J. KeithSixth Circuit10/21/1977Senior Status 5/1/95Male
Eric L. ClaySixth Circuit8/1/1997ActiveMale
Harry EdwardsDC Circuit2/20/1980Senior Status 11/3/05Male
J. Jerome FarrisNinth Circuit9/27/1979Senior Status 3/4/95Male
James A. Wynn Jr.Fourth Circuit8/10/2010ActiveMale
James E. Graves, Jr.Fifth Circuit2/15/2011ActiveMale
Janice Rogers BrownDC Circuit6/10/2005Terminated/Retired 8/31/17Female
Jerome HolmesTenth Circuit8/9/2006ActiveMale
Johnnie B. RawlinsonNinth Circuit7/26/2000ActiveFemale
Joseph A. Greenaway, Jr.Third Circuit2/12/2010ActiveMale
Judith W. RogersDC Circuit3/11/1994ActiveFemale
Lavenski R. SmithEighth Circuit7/19/2002ActiveMale
O. Rogeriee ThompsonFirst Circuit3/30/2010ActiveFemale
Paul J. WatfordNinth Circuit5/22/2012ActiveMale
R. Guy Cole, Jr.Sixth Circuit12/26/1995ActiveMale
Raymond J. Lohier, Jr.Second Circuit12/20/2010ActiveMale
Robert L. WilkinsDC Circuit1/15/2014ActiveMale
Roger L. GregoryFourth Circuit7/25/2001ActiveMale
Theodore McKee***Third Circuit6/9/1994ActiveMale

District Courts

The United States District Courts are the trial courts of the federal court system. Within limits set by Congress and the Constitution, the District Courts have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters.

There are 94 federal district courts, including at least one district court in each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Three territories of the United States—the Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands—have District Courts that hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases.

Abdul K. KallonAlabama (ND)1/4/2010ActiveMale
Alfred Homer BennettTexas (SD)4/15/2015ActiveMale
Algenon MarbleyOhio (SD)11/7/1997ActiveMale
Alvin ThompsonConnecticut10/11/1994ActiveMale
Analisa TorresNew York (SD)4/23/2013ActiveFemale
Ancer HaggertyOregon3/28/1994Senior Status 8/26/09Male
Andre Birotte Jr.California (CD)8/8/2014ActiveMale
Andrea R. WoodIllinois (ND)10/15/2013ActiveFemale
Andrew L. Carter, Jr.New York (SD)12/8/2011ActiveMale
Anna Diggs TaylorMichigan (ED)11/2/1979Senior Status 12/31/98Female
Anne E. ThompsonNew Jersey11/2/1979Senior Status 6/1/01Female
Arenda L. Wright AllenVirginia (ED)5/12/2011ActiveFemale
Benita PearsonOhio (ND)12/27/2010ActiveFemale
Blanche ManningIllinois (ND)8/10/1994Senior Status 2/1/10Female
Brian A. Jackson***Louisiana (MD)6/15/2010ActiveMale
Brian C. WimesMissouri (ED, WD)4/30/2012ActiveMale
Brian J. DavisFlorida (MD)12/26/2013ActiveMale
Brian Stacy Miller***Arkansas (ED)4/17/2008ActiveMale
C. Darnell Jones IIPennsylvania (ED)10/30/2008ActiveMale
Carlton W. ReevesMississippi (SD)12/20/2010ActiveMale
Carol E. JacksonMissouri (ED)8/17/1992Terminated/Retired 8/31/17Female
Charlene E. HoneywellFlorida (MD)11/12/2009ActiveFemale
Charles N. ClevertWisconsin (ED)7/29/1996Terminated/Retired
Charles ShawMissouri (ED)11/22/1993Senior Status 12/31/09Male
Christopher R. CooperDistrict of Columbia3/28/2014ActiveMale
Clarence CooperGeorgia (ND)5/9/1994Senior Status 2/9/09Male
Consuelo B. MarshallCalifornia (CD)9/30/1980Senior Status 10/24/05Female
Curtis Lynn CollierTennessee (ED)5/10/1995Senior Status 10/31/14Male
Darrin Phillip Gayles ±Florida (SD)6/19/2014ActiveMale
Deborah Batts ±New York (SD)5/9/1994Senior Status 4/13/12Female
Debra M. BrownMississippi (ND)11/5/2013ActiveFemale
Denise Jefferson CasperMassachusetts12/20/2010ActiveFemale
Denise Page HoodMichigan (ED)6/16/1994ActiveFemale
Donald L. GrahamFlorida (SD)9/16/1991Senior Status 12/15/13Male
Eleanor Louise RossGeorgia (MD)11/20/2014ActiveFemale
Emmet SullivanDistrict of Columbia6/16/1994ActiveMale
Fernando J. GaitanMissouri (WD)8/2/1991Senior Status 1/3/14Male
Garland E. Burrell, Jr.California (ED)3/2/1992Senior Status 7/4/12Male
George B. DanielsNew York (SD)3/9/2000ActiveMale
George Carol Hanks, Jr.Texas (SD)4/22/2015ActiveMale
George J. HazelMaryland5/2/2014ActiveMale
George Levi Russell, IIIMaryland5/22/2012ActiveMale
Gerald Bruce LeeVirginia (ED)10/1/1998Terminated/Retired 9/30/17Male
Gershwin Allen DrainMichigan (ED)8/8/2012ActiveMale
Gregory H. Woods IIINew York (SD)11/18/2013ActiveMale
Gregory M. SleetDelaware4/30/1998Senior Status 5/1/17Male
Haywood Stirling Gilliam, Jr.California (ND)12/19/2014ActiveMale
Henry Edward AutreyMissouri (ED)8/2/2002ActiveMale
Henry KennedyDistrict of Columbia9/18/1997Senior Status 11/18/11Male
Henry Lee AdamsFlorida (MD)11/24/1993Senior Status 4/8/10Male
Henry T. WingateMississippi (SD)10/17/1985ActiveMale
Horace T. WardGeorgia (ND)12/6/1979Terminated/Death 4/23/16Male
Irene C. BergerWest Virginia (SD)11/9/2009ActiveFemale
Ivan L.R. LemelleLouisiana (ED)4/7/1998Senior Status 6/29/15Male
J. Curtis JoynerPennsylvania (ED)4/13/1992Senior Status 5/1/13Male
J. Michelle ChildsSouth Carolina8/20/2010ActiveFemale
James A. Beaty, Jr.N. Carolina (MD)10/11/1994Senior Status 6/30/14Male
James R. SpencerVirginia (ED)10/14/1986Terminated/Retired 6/2/17Male
Joe Billy McDadeIllinois (CD)11/25/1991Senior Status 2/28/10Male
John A. HoustonCalifornia (SD)10/7/2003ActiveMale
John T. Fowlkes, Jr.Tennessee (WD)8/1/2012ActiveMale
Julian A. Cook, Jr.Michigan (ED)9/23/1978Terminated/Death 5/16/17Male
Julie A. RobinsonKansas12/13/2001ActiveFemale
Kenneth HoytTexas (SD)4/1/1988Senior Status 3/2/13Male
Ketanji Brown JacksonDistrict of Columbia3/26/2013ActiveFemale
LaShann Moutique DeArcy Hall
New York (ED)11/17/2015
Laura Taylor SwainNew York (SD)7/11/2000ActiveFemale
Legrome D. DavisPennsylvania (ED)4/23/2002Terminated/Retired 9/28/17Male
Leslie Joyce AbramsGeorgia (MD)11/20/2014ActiveFemale
Linda Vivienne ParkerMichigan (ED)3/17/2014ActiveFemale
Loretta Copeland BiggsN. Carolina (MD)12/19/2014ActiveFemale
Marcia G. CookeFlorida (SD)5/18/2004ActiveFemale
Margaret B. SeymourSouth Carolina10/22/1998Senior Status 1/16/13Female
Margo K. BrodieNew York (ED)2/29/2012ActiveFemale
Mary Stenson ScrivenFlorida (MD)9/30/2008ActiveFemale
Michael James Davis***Minnesota3/28/1994Senior Status 8/1/15Male
Michael ShippNew Jersey7/26/2012ActiveMale
Morrison C. England, Jr.***California (ED)8/2/2002ActiveMale
Myron H. ThompsonAlabama (MD)9/29/1980Senior Status 8/22/13Male
Nannette Jolivette BrownLouisiana (ED)10/4/2011ActiveFemale
Otis D. Wright IICalifornia (CD)4/16/2007ActiveMale
Percy AndersonCalifornia (CD)5/1/2002ActiveMale
Petrese B. TuckerPennsylvania (ED)6/1/2000ActiveFemale
Phyllis J. HamiltonCalifornia (ND)5/25/2000ActiveFemale
Raner C. Collins***Arizona8/3/1998ActiveMale
Raymond JacksonVirginia (ED)11/22/1993ActiveMale
Raymond P. MooreColorado3/26/2013ActiveMale
Reggie B. WaltonDistrict of Columbia9/24/2001Senior Status 12/31/15Male
Richard A. JonesWashington (WD)10/29/2007ActiveMale
Richard Franklin Boulware IINevada6/10/2014ActiveMale
Richard W. Roberts***District of Columbia6/23/1998Senior Status 3/16/16Male
Ronnie L. WhiteMissouri (ED)7/17/2014ActiveMale
Sam LindsayTexas (ND)3/17/1998ActiveMale
Sandra L. TownesNew York (ED)8/2/2004Senior Status 5/1/15Female
Sara L. EllisIllinois (ND)10/8/2013ActiveFemale
Saundra Brown ArmstrongCalifornia (ND)6/18/1991Senior Status 3/23/12Female
Sharon Johnson ColemanIllinois (ND)7/13/2010ActiveFemale
Solomon Oliver, Jr.***Ohio (ND)5/9/1994ActiveMale
Staci Michelle Yandle ±Illinois (SD)6/19/2014ActiveFemale
Stephan P. MickleFlorida (ND)5/22/1998Senior Status 6/22/11Male
Sterling Johnson Jr.New York (ED)7/2/1991Senior Status 6/1/03Male
Steve C. JonesGeorgia (ND)3/3/2011ActiveMale
Steven P. LoganArizona5/16/2014ActiveMale
Susan D. WigentonNew Jersey6/12/2006ActiveFemale
Tanya S. ChutkanDistrict of Columbia6/5/2014ActiveFemale
Tanya Walton PrattIndiana (SD)6/15/2010ActiveFemale
Terry Hatter, Jr.California (CD)12/20/1979Senior Status 4/22/05Male
Thelton E. HendersonCalifornia (ND)6/30/1980Senior Status 11/28/98Male
Troy L. NunleyCalifornia (ED)3/26/2013ActiveMale
Vanessa GilmoreTexas (SD)6/9/1994ActiveFemale
Vanessa L. BryantConnecticut4/2/2007ActiveFemale
Vernon S. BroderickNew York (SD)9/10/2013ActiveMale
Vicki Miles–LaGrange***Oklahoma (WD)11/28/1994ActiveFemale
Victor Allen BoldenConnecticut11/21/2014ActiveMale
Victoria RobertsMichigan (ED)6/29/1998ActiveFemale
W. Louis SandsGeorgia (MD)5/9/1994Senior Status 4/12/14Male
Waverly David Crenshaw Jr.
Tennessee (MD)
Wendy BeetlestonePennsylvania (ED)11/21/2014ActiveFemale
Wiley DanielColorado6/30/1995Senior Status 1/1/13Male
Wilhelmina Marie Wright
William D. Quarles, Jr.Maryland3/14/2003Terminated/Retired 2/1/16Male
William F. KuntzNew York (ED)10/4/2011ActiveMale
William Joseph Haynes, Jr.Tennessee (MD)11/15/1999Terminated/Retired 1/16/17Male
Williams WallsNew Jersey10/11/1994Senior Status 1/31/05Male


CD - Central DistrictED - Eastern DistrictMD - Middle DistrictND - Northern DistrictSD - Southern District
WD - Western District± LGBT*** Current Chief Judge

Data is based on information collected through July 31, 2017. To learn more about the federal courts go to

Judge William Henry Hastie

In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed William H. Hastie as the first African-American to serve a term on the federal court in the Virgin Islands

Active Article III Judges

Click below to view a complete list of Article III judges based on race, ethnicity or find out which president appointed them.

Asian-American & Pacific Islander


Native American



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