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Article III African-American Judges by President

Under the Constitution, the President appoints federal judges with the “advice and consent” of the Senate. The President usually consults senators or other elected officials concerning candidates for vacancies on the federal courts. The President’s power to appoint new federal judges is not the judiciary’s only interaction with the executive branch.

 

Order of Appointment

PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN 1945–1953
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Irvin C. MollisonCustoms Court*10/29/19451---Deceased 5/5/62
William Henry HastieThird Circuit7/22/195021--Deceased 4/14/76
PRESIDENT DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER 1953–1961
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Scovel RichardsonCustoms Court*4/8/19573---Deceased 3/30/82
PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY 1961–1963
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
James Benton ParsonsIllinois (ND)8/30/19614-1-Deceased 6/19/93
Wade H. McCreeMichigan (ED)9/29/19615-2-Elevated 9/13/66
Thurgood MarshallSecond Circuit9/14/196262--Resigned 8/23/65
PRESIDENT LYNDON B. JOHNSON 1963–1969
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.Pennsylvania (ED)3/17/19647-3-Elevated 11/7/77
Spottswood Robinson IIIDistrict of Columbia7/2/19648-4-Elevated 11/8/66
William B. BryantDistrict of Columbia8/11/19659-5-Deceased 11/13/05
James L. WatsonCustoms Court*3/7/196610---Deceased 9/1/01
Constance Baker MotleyNew York (SD)8/30/196611-61Deceased 9/28/05
Wade H. McCreeSixth Circuit9/7/1966+3--Resigned 3/28/77
Aubrey RobinsonDistrict of Columbia11/3/196612-7-Deceased 2/27/00
Spottswood Robinson IIIDC Circuit11/3/1966+4--Deceased 10/11/98
Joseph C. WaddyDistrict of Columbia3/4/196713-8-Deceased 8/1/78
Thurgood MarshallSupreme Court8/30/1967+---Deceased 1/24/93
Damon J. KeithMichigan (ED)10/12/196714-9-Elevated 11/22/77
PRESIDENT RICHARD M. NIXON 1969–1974
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
David W. WilliamsCalifornia (CD)6/20/196915-10-Deceased 5/6/00
Barrington ParkerDistrict of Columbia12/19/196916-11-Deceased 6/2/93
Lawrence W. PierceNew York (SD)5/20/197117-12-Elevated 11/30/81
Clifford Scott GreenPennsylvania (ED)12/9/197118-13-Deceased 5/31/07
Robert L. CarterNew York (SD)7/25/197219-14-Deceased 1/3/12
Robert M. DuncanOhio (SD)6/20/197420-15-Resigned 4/15/85
PRESIDENT GERALD FORD 1974–1977
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Henry BramwellNew York (ED)12/26/197421-16-Deceased 5/28/10
George N. LeightonIllinois (ND)2/4/197622-17-Retired 12/1/87
Cecil F. PooleCalifornia (ND)7/23/197623-18-Elevated 3/31/80
PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER 1977–1981
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.Third Circuit10/11/1977+5--Retired 3/5/93
Damon J. KeithSixth Circuit10/21/1977+6--Senior Status 5/1/95
Paul A. SimmonsPennsylvania (WD)4/7/197824-19-Deceased 10/9/14
Robert F. CollinsLouisiana (ED)5/19/197825-20-Resigned 8/6/93
Jack E. TannerWashington (ED, WD)5/19/197826-21-Deceased 1/10/06
Mary Johnson LoweNew York (SD)6/27/197827-222Deceased 2/27/99
Julian A. Cook, Jr.Michigan (ED)9/23/197828-23-Terminated due to Death 5/16/17
Theodore McMillianEighth Circuit9/23/1978297--Deceased 1/18/06
David S. NelsonMassachusetts3/23/197930-24-Deceased 10/21/98
John G. PennDistrict of Columbia3/23/197931-25-Deceased 9/9/07
Gabrielle Kirk McDonaldTexas (SD)5/11/197932-263Resigned 8/14/88
Amalya L. KearseSecond Circuit6/21/1979338-4Senior Status 6/11/02
Joseph W. HatchettEleventh Circuit7/13/1979349--Retired 5/14/99
Matthew J. Perry, Jr.South Carolina9/20/197935-27-Deceased 7/29/11
Benjamin F. GibsonMichigan (WD)9/26/197936-28-Retired 1/31/99
J. Jerome FarrisNinth Circuit9/27/19793710--Senior Status 3/4/95
Joseph C. HowardMaryland10/5/197938-29-Deceased 9/16/00
Nathaniel R. JonesSixth Circuit10/5/19793911--Retired 3/30/02
Alcee L. HastingsFlorida11/2/197940-30-Impeached 10/20/89
Anna Diggs TaylorMichigan (ED)11/2/197941-315Senior Status 12/31/98
Anne E. ThompsonNew Jersey11/2/197942-326Senior Status 6/1/01
Cecil F. PooleNinth Circuit11/27/1979+12--Deceased 11/12/97
James T. GilesPennsylvania (ED)11/27/197943-33-Retired 10/3/08
Horace T. WardGeorgia (ND)12/6/197944-34-Terminated due to Death 4/23/16
Terry Hatter, Jr.California (CD)12/20/197945-35-Senior Status 4/22/05
Harry EdwardsDC Circuit2/20/19804613--Senior Status 11/3/05
Odell HortonTennessee (WD)5/12/198047-36-Deceased 2/22/06
Norma H. JohnsonDistrict of Columbia5/12/198048-377Retired 12/31/03
Clyde S. Cahill, Jr.Missouri (ED)5/23/198049-38-Deceased 8/18/04
George WhiteOhio (ND)5/23/198050-39-Deceased 11/12/11
U.W. ClemonAlabama (ND)6/30/198051-40-Retired 1/31/09
Thelton E. HendersonCalifornia (ND)6/30/198052-41-Senior Status 11/28/98
Earl B. GilliamCalifornia (SD)8/20/198053-42-Deceased 1/28/01
Myron H. ThompsonAlabama (MD)9/29/198054-43-Senior Status 8/22/13
Richard C. ErwinN. Carolina (MD)9/30/198055-44-Deceased 11/07/06
George Howard, Jr.Arkansas (ED, WD)9/30/198056-45-Deceased 4/21/07
Consuelo B. MarshallCalifornia (CD)9/30/198057-468Senior Status 10/24/05
PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN 1981–1989
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Lawrence W. PierceSecond Circuit11/18/1981+14--Retired 3/31/95
John R. HargroveMaryland2/10/198458-47-Deceased 4/1/97
Ann Claire WilliamsIllinois (ND)4/4/198559-489Elevated 11/17/99
Henry T. WingateMississippi (SD)10/17/198560-49-Active
James R. SpencerVirginia (ED)10/14/198661-50-Terminated due to Retirment 6/2/17
Kenneth HoytTexas (SD)4/1/198862-51-Senior Status 3/2/13
Herbert J. HuttonPennsylvania (ED)8/12/198863-52-Deceased 4/8/07
PRESIDENT GEORGE H.W. BUSH 1989–1993
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Clarence ThomasDC Circuit3/6/19906415--Elevated 10/17/91
James WareCalifornia (ND)10/1/199065-53-Retired 8/31/12
Saundra Brown ArmstrongCalifornia (ND)6/18/199166-5410Senior Status 3/23/12
Timothy K. LewisPennsylvania (WD)6/18/199167-55-Elevated 10/23/92
Sterling Johnson Jr.New York (ED)7/2/199168-56-Senior Status 6/1/03
Fernando J. GaitanMissouri (WD)8/2/199169-57-Senior Status 1/3/14
Donald L. GrahamFlorida (SD)9/16/199170-58-Senior Status 12/15/13
Clarence ThomasSupreme Court10/18/1991+---Active
Joe Billy McDadeIllinois (CD)11/25/199171-59-Senior Status 2/28/10
Garland E. Burrell, Jr.California (ED)3/2/199272-60-Senior Status 7/4/12
J. Curtis JoynerPennsylvania (ED)4/13/199273-61-Senior Status 5/1/13
Carol E. JacksonMissouri (ED)8/17/199274-6211Terminated/Retired 8/31/17
Timothy K. LewisThird Circuit10/9/1992+16--Resigned 6/30/99
PRESIDENT WILLIAM J. CLINTON 1993–2001
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Wilkie FergusonFlorida (SD)11/22/199375-63-Deceased 6/9/03
Raymond JacksonVirginia (ED)11/22/199376-64-Active
Charles ShawMissouri (ED)11/22/199377-65-Senior Status 12/31/09
Henry Lee AdamsFlorida (MD)11/24/199378-66-Senior Status 4/8/10
Gary LancasterPennsylvania (WD)11/24/199379-67-Deceased 4/24/13
Reginald LindsayMassachusetts11/24/199380-68-Deceased 3/12/09
Judith W. RogersDC Circuit3/11/19948117-12Active
Franklin BurgessWashington (WD)3/28/199482-69-Deceased 3/26/10
Michael Davis***Minnesota3/28/199483-70-Senior Status 8/1/15
Ancer HaggertyOregon3/28/199484-71-Senior Status 8/26/09
Deborah Batts ±New York (SD)5/9/199485-7213Senior Status 4/13/12
Audrey CollinsCalifornia (CD)5/9/199486-7314Retired 8/1/14
Clarence CooperGeorgia (ND)5/9/199487-74-Senior Status 2/9/09
Solomon Oliver, Jr.***Ohio (ND)5/9/199488-75-Active
W. Louis SandsGeorgia (MD)5/9/199489-76-Senior Status 4/12/14
Carl Stewart***Fifth Circuit5/9/19949018--Active
Vanessa GilmoreTexas (SD)6/9/199491-7715Active
Theodore McKee***Third Circuit6/9/19949219--Active
Emmet SullivanDistrict of Columbia6/16/199493-79-Active
Denise Page HoodMichigan (ED)6/16/199494-7816Active
Blanche ManningIllinois (ND)8/10/199495-8017Senior Status 2/1/10
Alexander Williams, Jr.Maryland8/18/199496-81-Retired 1/3/14
Napoleon JonesCalifornia (SD)9/15/199497-82-Deceased 12/12/09
Barrington Parker, Jr.New York (SD)9/15/199498-83-Elevated 10/18/01
David CoarIllinois (ND)10/7/199499-84-Retired 12/31/10
James A. Beaty, Jr.N. Carolina (MD)10/11/1994100-85-Senior Status 6/30/14
Okla Jones, IILouisiana (ED)10/11/1994101-86-Deceased 1/8/96
Alvin ThompsonConnecticut10/11/1994102-87-Active
Williams WallsNew Jersey10/11/1994103-88-Senior Status 1/31/05
Vicki Miles–LaGrange***Oklahoma (WD)11/28/1994104-8918Active
Curtis Lynn CollierTennessee (ED)5/10/1995105-90-Senior Status 10/31/14
Wiley DanielColorado6/30/1995106-91-Senior Status 1/1/13
Andre M. DavisMaryland8/14/1995107-92-Elevated 11/12/09
R. Guy Cole, Jr.Sixth Circuit12/26/199510820--Active
Bernice B. DonaldTennessee (WD)12/26/1995109-9319Elevated 9/8/11
Joseph A. Greenaway, Jr.New Jersey7/26/1996110-94-Elevated 2/24/10
Charles N. ClevertWisconsin (ED)7/29/1996111-95-Terminated due to Retirement 3/31/17
Eric L. ClaySixth Circuit8/1/199711221--Active
Henry KennedyDistrict of Columbia9/18/1997113-96-Senior Status 11/18/11
Algenon MarbleyOhio (SD)11/7/1997114-97-Active
Martin J. JenkinsCalifornia (ND)11/12/1997115-98-Resigned 4/3/08
Sam LindsayTexas (ND)3/17/1998116-99-Active
Ivan L.R. LemelleLouisiana (ED)4/7/1998117-100-Senior Status 6/29/15
Johnnie B. RawlinsonNevada4/7/1998118-10120Elevated 7/26/00
Gregory M. SleetDelaware4/30/1998119-102-Senior Status 5/12/17
Stephan P. MickleFlorida (ND)5/22/1998120-103-Senior Status 6/22/11
Richard W. Roberts***District of Columbia6/23/1998121-104-Senior Status 3/16/16
Victoria RobertsMichigan (ED)6/29/1998122-10521Active
Raner C. Collins***Arizona8/3/1998123-106-Active
Ralph E. TysonLouisiana (MD)8/3/1998124-107-Deceased 07/18/11
Gerald Bruce LeeVirginia (ED)10/1/1998125-108-Terminated/Retired 9/30/17
Margaret B. SeymourSouth Carolina10/22/1998126-10922Senior Status 1/16/13
William J. HibblerIllinois (ND)4/22/1999127-110-Deceased 3/19/12
Charles R. WilsonEleventh Circuit8/9/199912822--Active
William Joseph Haynes, Jr.***Tennessee (MD)11/15/1999129-111-Terminated due to Retirement 1/16/17
Ann Claire WilliamsSeventh Circuit11/15/1999+23-+Senior Status 6/5/17
George B. DanielsNew York (SD)3/9/2000130-112-Active
Phyllis J. HamiltonCalifornia (ND)5/25/2000131-11323Active
Petrese B. TuckerPennsylvania (ED)6/1/2000132-11424Active
Laura Taylor SwainNew York (SD)7/11/2000133-11525Active
Johnnie B. RawlinsonNinth Circuit7/26/2000+24-+Active
PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH 2001–2009
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Roger L. GregoryFourth Circuit7/25/200113425--Active
Reggie B. WaltonDistrict of Columbia9/24/2001135-116-Senior Status 12/31/15
Barrington Parker, Jr.Second Circuit10/16/2001+26--Senior Status 10/10/09
Julie A. RobinsonKansas12/13/2001136-11726Active
Legrome D. DavisPennsylvania (ED)4/23/2002137-118-Terminated/Retired 9/28/17
Percy AndersonCalifornia (CD)5/1/2002138-119-Active
Lavenski R. SmithEighth Circuit7/19/200213927--Active
Henry Edward AutreyMissouri (ED)8/2/2002140-120-Active
Morrison C. England, Jr.***California (ED)8/2/2002141-121-Active
William D. Quarles, Jr.Maryland3/14/2003142-122-Terminated/Retired 2/1/16
Allyson K. DuncanFourth Circuit8/15/200314328-27Active
Stephen C. RobinsonNew York (SD)9/22/2003144-123-Resigned 8/11/10
John A. HoustonCalifornia (SD)10/7/2003145-124-Active
Marcia G. CookeFlorida (SD)5/18/2004146-12528Active
Sandra L. TownesNew York (ED)8/2/2004147-12629Senior Status 5/1/15
Janice Rogers BrownDC Circuit6/10/200514829-30Terminated/Retired 8/31/17
Susan D. WigentonNew Jersey6/12/2006149-12731Active
Jerome HolmesTenth Circuit8/9/200615030--Active
Vanessa L. BryantConnecticut4/2/2007151-12832Active
Otis D. Wright IICalifornia (CD)4/16/2007152-129-Active
Richard A. JonesWashington (WD)10/29/2007153-130-Active
Brian Stacy Miller***Arkansas (ED)4/17/2008154-131-Active
Mary Stenson ScrivenFlorida (MD)9/30/2008155-13233Active
C. Darnell Jones IIPennsylvania (ED)10/30/2008156-133-Active
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA 2009–2017
JudgeCourtCommissionAll Art. III CourtsCircuit CourtsDistrict CourtsFemale JudgesStatus
Irene C. BergerWest Virginia (SD)11/9/2009157-13434Active
Andre M. DavisFourth Circuit11/10/2009+31--Terminated/Retired 8/31/17
Charlene E. HoneywellFlorida (MD)11/12/2009158-13535Active
Abdul K. KallonAlabama (ND)1/4/2010159-136-Active
Joseph A. Greenaway, Jr.Third Circuit2/12/2010+32--Active
O. Rogeriee ThompsonFirst Circuit3/30/201016033-36Active
Brian A. Jackson***Louisiana (MD)6/15/2010161-137-Active
Tanya Walton PrattIndiana (SD)6/15/2010162-13837Active
Sharon Johnson ColemanIllinois (ND)7/13/2010163-13938Active
James A. Wynn Jr.Fourth Circuit8/10/201016434--Active
J. Michelle ChildsSouth Carolina8/20/2010165-14039Active
Denise Jefferson CasperMassachusetts12/20/2010166-14140Active
Raymond J. Lohier, Jr.Second Circuit12/20/201016735--Active
Carlton W. ReevesMississippi (SD)12/20/2010168-142-Active
Benita PearsonOhio (ND)12/27/2010169-14341Active
Robert L. WilkinsDistrict of Columbia12/27/2010170-144-Elevated 1/24/14
James E. Graves, Jr.Fifth Circuit2/15/201117136--Active
Steve C. JonesGeorgia (ND)3/3/2011172-145-Active
Arenda L. Wright AllenVirginia (ED)5/12/2011173-14642Active
Bernice B. DonaldSixth Circuit9/8/2011+37-+Active
Nannette Jolivette BrownLouisiana (ED)10/4/2011174-14743Active
William F. KuntzNew York (ED)10/4/2011175-148-Active
Andrew L. Carter, Jr.New York (SD)12/8/2011176-149-Active
Margo K. BrodieNew York (ED)2/29/2012177-15044Active
Brian C. WimesMissouri (ED, WD)4/30/2012178-151-Active
George Levi Russell, IIIMaryland5/22/2012179-152-Active
Paul J. WatfordNinth Circuit5/22/201218038--Active
Michael ShippNew Jersey7/26/2012181-153-Active
John T. Fowlkes, Jr.Tennessee (WD)8/1/2012182-154-Active
Gershwin Allen DrainMichigan (ED)8/8/2012183-155-Active
Ketanji Brown JacksonDistrict of Columbia3/26/2013184-15645Active
Raymond P. MooreColorado3/26/2013185-157-Active
Troy L. NunleyCalifornia (ED)3/26/2013186-158-Active
Analisa TorresNew York (SD)4/23/2013187-15946Active
Vernon S. BroderickNew York (SD)9/10/2013188-160-Active
Sara L. EllisIllinois (ND)10/8/2013189-16147Active
Andrea R. WoodIllinois (ND)10/15/2013190-16248Active
Debra M. BrownMississippi (ND)11/5/2013191-16349Active
Gregory H. Woods IIINew York (SD)11/18/2013192-164-Active
Brian J. DavisFlorida (MD)12/26/2013193-165-Active
Robert L. WilkinsDC Circuit1/15/2014+39--Active
Linda Vivienne ParkerMichigan (ED)3/17/2014194-16650Active
Christopher R. CooperDistrict of Columbia3/28/2014195-167-Active
George J. HazelMaryland5/2/2014196-168-Active
Steven P. LoganArizona5/16/2014197-169-Active
Tanya S. ChutkanDistrict of Columbia6/5/2014198-17051Active
Richard Franklin Boulware IINevada6/10/2014199-171-Active
Darrin Phillip Gayles ±Florida (SD)6/19/2014200-172-Active
Staci Michelle Yandle ±Illinois (SD)6/19/2014201-17352Active
Ronnie L WhiteMissouri (ED)7/16/2014202-174-Active
Andre Birotte Jr.California (CD)8/8/2014203-175-Active
Leslie Joyce AbramsGeorgia (MD)11/20/2014204-17653Active
Eleanor Louise RossGeorgia (ND)11/20/2014205-17754Active
Wendy BeetlestonePennyslyvania (ED)11/21/2014206-17855Active
Victor Allen BodenConnecticut11/21/2014207-179-Active
Haywood Stirling Gilliam, Jr.California (ND)12/19/2014208-180-Active
Loretta Copeland BiggsNorth Carolina (MD)12/19/2014209-18156Active
Alfred Homer BennettTexas (SD)4/15/2015210-182-Active
George Carol Hanks, Jr.Texas (SD)4/22/2015211-183-Active
LaShann Moutique DeArcy Hall
New York (ED)
11/17/2015
212-18457Active
Waverly David Crenshaw Jr.
Tennessee (MD)4/12/2016213-185-Active
Wilhelmina Marie Wright
Minnesota2/18/2016214-18658Active

Legend

CD - Central DistrictED - Eastern DistrictMD - Middle DistrictND - Northern DistrictSD - Southern District
WD - Western District(+) Previously appointed to federal court
(±) LGBT
* Reorganized as the Court of International Trade in 1980** Transferred to the Federal Circuit in 1982*** Current Chief Judge

Data is based on information collected through July 31, 2017. To learn more about the federal courts go to www.fjc.gov.

Active Article III Judges

Click below to view a complete list of Article III judges based on race or ethnicity.


African-American

Asian-American
& Pacific Islander

Hispanic/Latino

LGBT

Native American

Presidential
Appointment

Appointments by President

African-American Asian-American & Pacific Islander
 
Native American Hispanic/Latino
 
LGBT

 

President Donald J. Trump

As of October 18, 2017, after about nine months into the Trump administration, it appears that, of the 60 nominees, only five are non-white and only 11 are female. Six of President Trump’s judicial nominees have been confirmed by the Senate, including one justice to the Supreme Court, four judges to the Courts of Appeals and two judges to districts court. All seven judges are men, six of which are white and one of Asian-American descent.

 

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