Tracking the Integration of the Federal Judiciary

The Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary provides an in-depth listing of minority judges who serve in Article III courts. Currently, there are 1,308 active and senior judges, of which only 266 are judges of color, of which four identify as bi-racial. There are two Native American, 143 African-Americans, 92 Hispanic/Latinos, 29 Asian-Americans and Pacific Islander serving in Article III judgeships. Judges who identify with more than one racial or ethnic group are counted in these groups. There are also 11 active Article III judges who are openly LGBT. Additionally, there are 961 judges identifying as male and 347 judges identifying as female.

RI MA NH PR CT VT NJ DE VI MD DC FED GU MP AS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 (1st Circuit) (3rd Circuit) (9th Circuit)

 

Supreme Court

African-AmericanAsian-American &
Pacific Islander
Hispanic/LatinoNative
American
Caucasian

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and nine associate justices. At its discretion, and within certain guidelines established by Congress, the Supreme Court each year hears a limited number of the cases it is asked to decide. Those cases may begin in the federal or state courts and usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law.

Courts of Appeals

African-AmericanAsian-American &
Pacific Islander
Hispanic/LatinoNative
American
Caucasian

The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a United States Court of Appeals. This court hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit and appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies. In addition, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.

District Courts

African-AmericanAsian-American &
Pacific Islander
Hispanic/LatinoNative
American*
Caucasian

The United States District Courts are the trial courts of the federal court system. Within limits set by Congress and the Constitution, the District Courts have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters.

There are 94 federal district courts, including at least one district court in each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Three territories of the United States—the Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands—have District Courts that hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases.

*0.002% – Native American

Court of International Trade

African-AmericanAsian-American &
Pacific Islander
Hispanic/LatinoNative
American
Caucasian
The United States Court of International Trade (formerly known as the United States Customs Court) is an Article III Court with full powers in law and equity. There are currently seven sitting judges, as well as eight Senior judges. The court has limited subject matter jurisdiction to hear only cases involving particular international trade and customs law questions.

Gender in Article III Courts

 
 
Number reflects judges that identify as part of more than one racial or ethnic group.

Active Article III Judges

Click below to view a complete list of Article III judges based on race or ethnicity.


African-American

Asian-American
& Pacific Islander

Hispanic/Latino

LGBT

Native American

Presidential
Appointment

Appointments by President

African-American Asian-American & Pacific Islander
 
Native American Hispanic/Latino
 
LGBT

 

President Donald J. Trump

As of September 1, 2017, six of President Trump’s judicial nominees have been confirmed by the Senate, including one justice to the Supreme Court, three judges to the Courts of Appeals and two judges to districts court. All six judges are men, five of which are white and one of Asian-American decent.

 

Methodology

Information about judicial appointments is collected from information made publically available by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, and the United States Committee on the Senate Judiciary Committee. Information for the 2017 Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary was collected through July 31, 2017. To learn more about the federal court system you can go to: www.fjc.gov.

Copyright Permissions

The Minority Corporate Counsel Association hereby grants permission for copies of the information herein to be made, in whole or in part, for classroom use in an institution of higher learning or for use by not-for-profit legal service organizations, provided that the use is for informational, non-commercial purposes only and any copy of the materials or portion thereof acknowledges original publication by the MCCA, including the title of the report, and stating, “Cited by permission of the Minority Corporate Counsel Association. All rights reserved.” No part of this report may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. To request permission contact MCCA at research@mcca.com.

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