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Article III African-American Judges by President

Under the Constitution, the president appoints federal judges with the “advice and consent” of the Senate. The President usually consults senators or other elected officials concerning candidates for vacancies on the federal courts. The President's power to appoint new federal judges is not the judiciary's only interaction with the executive branch.

Judge Court Commission Order of Appointment Status
All
Art. III
Courts
Circuit Courts District Courts Female Judges
PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN 1945–1953
Irvin C. Mollison Customs Court* 10/29/1945 1 - - - Deceased 5/5/62
William Henry Hastie Third Circuit 7/22/1950 2 1 - - Deceased 4/14/76
 
PRESIDENT DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER 1953–1961
Scovel Richardson Customs Court* 4/8/1957 3 - - - Deceased 3/30/82
 
PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY 1961–1963
James Benton Parsons Illinois (ND) 8/30/1961 4 - 1 - Deceased 6/19/93
Wade H. McCree Michigan (ED) 9/29/1961 5 - 2 - Elevated 9/13/66
Thurgood Marshall Second Circuit 9/14/1962 6 2 - - Resigned 8/23/65
 
PRESIDENT LYNDON B. JOHNSON 1963–1969
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. Pennsylvania (ED) 3/17/1964 7 - 3 - Elevated 11/7/77
Spottswood Robinson III District of Columbia 7/2/1964 8 - 4 - Elevated 11/8/66
William B. Bryant District of Columbia 8/11/1965 9 - 5 - Deceased 11/13/05
James L. Watson Customs Court* 3/7/1966 10 - - - Deceased 9/1/01
Constance Baker Motley New York (SD) 8/30/1966 11 - 6 1 Deceased 9/28/05
Wade H. McCree Sixth Circuit 9/7/1966 + 3 - - Resigned 3/28/77
Aubrey Robinson District of Columbia 11/3/1966 12 - 7 - Deceased 2/27/00
Spottswood Robinson III DC Circuit 11/3/1966 + 4 - - Deceased 10/11/98
Joseph C. Waddy District of Columbia 3/4/1967 13 - 8 - Deceased 8/1/78
Thurgood Marshall Supreme Court 8/30/1967 + - - - Deceased 1/24/93
Damon J. Keith Michigan (ED) 10/12/1967 14 - 9 - Elevated 11/22/77
 
PRESIDENT RICHARD M. NIXON 1969–1974
David W. Williams California (CD) 6/20/1969 15 - 10 - Deceased 5/6/00
Barrington Parker District of Columbia 12/19/1969 16 - 11 - Deceased 6/2/93
Lawrence W. Pierce New York (SD) 5/20/1971 17 - 12 - Elevated 11/30/81
Clifford Scott Green Pennsylvania (ED) 12/9/1971 18 - 13 - Deceased 5/31/07
Robert L. Carter New York (SD) 7/25/1972 19 - 14 - Deceased 1/3/12
Robert M. Duncan Ohio (SD) 6/20/1974 20 - 15 - Resigned 4/15/85
 
PRESIDENT GERALD FORD 1974–1977
Henry Bramwell New York (ED) 12/26/1974 21 - 16 - Deceased 5/28/10
George N. Leighton Illinois (ND) 2/4/1976 22 - 17 - Retired 12/1/87
Cecil F. Poole California (ND) 7/23/1976 23 - 18 - Elevated 3/31/80
 
PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER 1977–1981
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. Third Circuit 10/11/1977 + 5 - - Retired 3/5/93
Damon J. Keith Sixth Circuit 10/21/1977 + 6 - - Senior Status 5/1/95
Paul A. Simmons Pennsylvania (WD) 4/7/1978 24 - 19 - Deceased 10/9/14
Robert F. Collins Louisiana (ED) 5/19/1978 25 - 20 - Resigned 8/6/93
Jack E. Tanner Washington (ED, WD) 5/19/1978 26 - 21 - Deceased 1/10/06
Mary Johnson Lowe New York (SD) 6/27/1978 27 - 22 2 Deceased 2/27/99
Julian A. Cook, Jr. Michigan (ED) 9/23/1978 28 - 23 - Senior Status 12/30/96
Theodore McMillian Eighth Circuit 9/23/1978 29 7 - - Deceased 1/18/06
David S. Nelson Massachusetts 3/23/1979 30 - 24 - Deceased 10/21/98
John G. Penn District of Columbia 3/23/1979 31 - 25 - Deceased 9/9/07
Gabrielle Kirk McDonald Texas (SD) 5/11/1979 32 - 26 3 Resigned 8/14/88
Amalya L. Kearse Second Circuit 6/21/1979 33 8 - 4 Senior Status 6/11/02
Joseph W. Hatchett Eleventh Circuit 7/13/1979 34 9 - - Retired 5/14/99
Matthew J. Perry, Jr. South Carolina 9/20/1979 35 - 27 - Deceased 7/29/11
Benjamin F. Gibson Michigan (WD) 9/26/1979 36 - 28 - Retired 1/31/99
J. Jerome Farris Ninth Circuit 9/27/1979 37 10 - - Senior Status 3/4/95
Joseph C. Howard Maryland 10/5/1979 38 - 29 - Deceased 9/16/00
Nathaniel R. Jones Sixth Circuit 10/5/1979 39 11 - - Retired 3/30/02
Alcee L. Hastings Florida 11/2/1979 40 - 30 - Impeached 10/20/89
Anna Diggs Taylor Michigan (ED) 11/2/1979 41 - 31 5 Senior Status 12/31/98
Anne E. Thompson New Jersey 11/2/1979 42 - 32 6 Senior Status 6/1/01
Cecil F. Poole Ninth Circuit 11/27/1979 + 12 - - Deceased 11/12/97
James T. Giles Pennsylvania (ED) 11/27/1979 43 - 33 - Retired 10/3/08
Horace T. Ward Georgia (ND) 12/6/1979 44 - 34 - Senior Status 12/31/93
Terry Hatter, Jr. California (CD) 12/20/1979 45 - 35 - Senior Status 4/22/05
Harry Edwards DC Circuit 2/20/1980 46 13 - - Senior Status 11/3/05
Odell Horton Tennessee (WD) 5/12/1980 47 - 36 - Deceased 2/22/06
Norma H. Johnson District of Columbia 5/12/1980 48 - 37 7 Retired 12/31/03
Clyde S. Cahill, Jr. Missouri (ED) 5/23/1980 49 - 38 - Deceased 8/18/04
George White Ohio (ND) 5/23/1980 50 - 39 - Deceased 11/12/11
U.W. Clemon Alabama (ND) 6/30/1980 51 - 40 - Retired 1/31/09
Thelton E. Henderson California (ND) 6/30/1980 52 - 41 - Senior Status 11/28/98
Earl B. Gilliam California (SD) 8/20/1980 53 - 42 - Deceased 1/28/01
Myron H. Thompson Alabama (MD) 9/29/1980 54 - 43 - Senior Status 8/22/13
Richard C. Erwin N. Carolina (MD) 9/30/1980 55 - 44 - Deceased 11/07/06
George Howard, Jr. Arkansas (ED, WD) 9/30/1980 56 - 45 - Deceased 4/21/07
Consuelo B. Marshall California (CD) 9/30/1980 57 - 46 8 Senior Status 10/24/05
 
PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN 1981–1989
Lawrence W. Pierce Second Circuit 11/18/1981 + 14 - - Retired 3/31/95
John R. Hargrove Maryland 2/10/1984 58 - 47 - Deceased 4/1/97
Ann Claire Williams Illinois (ND) 4/4/1985 59 - 48 9 Elevated 11/17/99
Henry T. Wingate Mississippi (SD) 10/17/1985 60 - 49 - Active
James R. Spencer Virginia (ED) 10/14/1986 61 - 50 - Senior Status 3/25/14
Kenneth Hoyt Texas (SD) 4/1/1988 62 - 51 - Senior Status 3/2/13
Herbert J. Hutton Pennsylvania (ED) 8/12/1988 63 - 52 - Deceased 4/8/07
 
PRESIDENT GEORGE H.W. BUSH 1989–1993
Clarence Thomas DC Circuit 3/6/1990 64 15 - - Elevated 10/17/91
James Ware California (ND) 10/1/1990 65 - 53 - Retired 8/31/12
Saundra Brown Armstrong California (ND) 6/18/1991 66 - 54 10 Senior Status 3/23/12
Timothy K. Lewis Pennsylvania (WD) 6/18/1991 67 - 55 - Elevated 10/23/92
Sterling Johnson Jr. New York (ED) 7/2/1991 68 - 56 - Senior Status 6/1/03
Fernando J. Gaitan Missouri (WD) 8/2/1991 69 - 57 - Senior Status 1/3/14
Donald L. Graham Florida (SD) 9/16/1991 70 - 58 - Senior Status 12/15/13
Clarence Thomas Supreme Court 10/18/1991 + - - - Active
Joe Billy McDade Illinois (CD) 11/25/1991 71 - 59 - Senior Status 2/28/10
Garland E. Burrell, Jr. California (ED) 3/2/1992 72 - 60 - Senior Status 7/4/12
J. Curtis Joyner Pennsylvania (ED) 4/13/1992 73 - 61 - Senior Status 5/1/13
Carol Jackson Missouri (ED) 8/17/1992 74 - 62 11 Active
Timothy K. Lewis Third Circuit 10/9/1992 + 16 - - Resigned 6/30/99
 
PRESIDENT WILLIAM J. CLINTON 1993–2001
Wilkie Ferguson Florida (SD) 11/22/1993 75 - 63 - Deceased 6/9/03
Raymond Jackson Virginia (ED) 11/22/1993 76 - 64 - Active
Charles Shaw Missouri (ED) 11/22/1993 77 - 65 - Senior Status 12/31/09
Henry Lee Adams Florida (MD) 11/24/1993 78 - 66 - Senior Status 4/8/10
Gary Lancaster Pennsylvania (WD) 11/24/1993 79 - 67 - Deceased 4/24/13
Reginald Lindsay Massachusetts 11/24/1993 80 - 68 - Deceased 3/12/09
Judith W. Rogers DC Circuit 3/11/1994 81 17 - 12 Active
Franklin Burgess Washington (WD) 3/28/1994 82 - 69 - Deceased 3/26/10
Michael Davis*** Minnesota 3/28/1994 83 - 70 - Active
Ancer Haggerty Oregon 3/28/1994 84 - 71 - Senior Status 8/26/09
Deborah Batts ± New York (SD) 5/9/1994 85 - 72 13 Senior Status 4/13/12
Audrey Collins California (CD) 5/9/1994 86 - 73 14 Retired 8/1/14
Clarence Cooper Georgia (ND) 5/9/1994 87 - 74 - Senior Status 2/9/09
Solomon Oliver, Jr.*** Ohio (ND) 5/9/1994 88 - 75 - Active
W. Louis Sands Georgia (MD) 5/9/1994 89 - 76 - Senior Status 4/12/14
Carl Stewart*** Fifth Circuit 5/9/1994 90 18 - - Active
Vanessa Gilmore Texas (SD) 6/9/1994 91 - 77 15 Active
Theodore McKee*** Third Circuit 6/9/1994 92 19 - - Active
Denise Page Hood Michigan (ED) 6/16/1994 94 - 78 16 Active
Emmet Sullivan District of Columbia 6/16/1994 93 - 79 - Active
Blanche Manning Illinois (ND) 8/10/1994 95 - 80 17 Senior Status 2/1/10
Alexander Williams, Jr. Maryland 8/18/1994 96 - 81 - Retired 1/3/14
Napoleon Jones California (SD) 9/15/1994 97 - 82 - Deceased 12/12/09
Barrington Parker, Jr. New York (SD) 9/15/1994 98 - 83 - Elevated 10/18/01
David Coar Illinois (ND) 10/7/1994 99 - 84 - Retired 12/31/10
James A. Beaty, Jr. N. Carolina (MD) 10/11/1994 100 - 85 - Senior Status 6/30/14
Okla Jones, II Louisiana (ED) 10/11/1994 101 - 86 - Deceased 1/8/96
Alvin Thompson Connecticut 10/11/1994 102 - 87 - Active
Williams Walls New Jersey 10/11/1994 103 - 88 - Senior Status 1/31/05
Vicki Miles–LaGrange*** Oklahoma (WD) 11/28/1994 104 - 89 18 Active
Curtis Lynn Collier Tennessee (ED) 5/10/1995 105 - 90 - Senior Status 10/31/14
Wiley Daniel Colorado 6/30/1995 106 - 91 - Senior Status 1/1/13
Andre M. Davis Maryland 8/14/1995 107 - 92 - Elevated 11/12/09
R. Guy Cole, Jr. Sixth Circuit 12/26/1995 108 20 - - Active
Bernice B. Donald Tennessee (WD) 12/26/1995 109 - 93 19 Elevated 9/8/11
Joseph A. Greenaway, Jr. New Jersey 7/26/1996 110 - 94 - Elevated 2/24/10
Charles N. Clevert Wisconsin (ED) 7/29/1996 111 - 95 - Senior Status 10/31/12
Eric L. Clay Sixth Circuit 8/1/1997 112 21 - - Active
Henry Kennedy District of Columbia 9/18/1997 113 - 96 - Senior Status 11/18/11
Algenon Marbley Ohio (SD) 11/7/1997 114 - 97 - Active
Martin J. Jenkins California (ND) 11/12/1997 115 - 98 - Resigned 4/3/08
Sam Lindsay Texas (ND) 3/17/1998 116 - 99 - Active
Ivan L.R. Lemelle Louisiana (ED) 4/7/1998 117 - 100 - Senior Status 6/29/15
Johnnie B. Rawlinson Nevada 4/7/1998 118 - 101 20 Elevated 7/26/00
Gregory M. Sleet Delaware 4/30/1998 119 - 102 - Active
Stephan P. Mickle Florida (ND) 5/22/1998 120 - 103 - Senior Status 6/22/11
Richard W. Roberts*** District of Columbia 6/23/1998 121 - 104 - Active
Victoria Roberts Michigan (ED) 6/29/1998 122 - 105 21 Active
Raner C. Collins*** Arizona 8/3/1998 123 - 106 - Active
Ralph E. Tyson Louisiana (MD) 8/3/1998 124 - 107 - Deceased 07/18/11
Gerald Bruce Lee Virginia (ED) 10/1/1998 125 - 108 - Active
Margaret B. Seymour South Carolina 10/22/1998 126 - 109 22 Senior Status 1/16/13
William J. Hibbler Illinois (ND) 4/22/1999 127 - 110 - Deceased 3/19/12
Charles R. Wilson Eleventh Circuit 8/9/1999 128 22 - - Active
William Joseph Haynes, Jr.*** Tennessee (MD) 11/15/1999 129 - 111 - Senior Status 12/1/14
Ann Claire Williams Seventh Circuit 11/15/1999 + 23 - + Active
George B. Daniels New York (SD) 3/9/2000 130 - 112 - Active
Phyllis J. Hamilton California (ND) 5/25/2000 131 - 113 23 Active
Petrese B. Tucker Pennsylvania (ED) 6/1/2000 132 - 114 24 Active
Laura Taylor Swain New York (SD) 7/11/2000 133 - 115 25 Active
Johnnie B. Rawlinson Ninth Circuit 7/26/2000 + 24 - + Active
 
PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH 2001–2009
Roger L. Gregory Fourth Circuit 7/25/2001 134 25 - - Active
Reggie B. Walton District of Columbia 9/24/2001 135 - 116 - Active
Barrington Parker, Jr. Second Circuit 10/16/2001 + 26 - - Senior Status 10/10/09
Julie A. Robinson Kansas 12/13/2001 136 - 117 26 Active
Legrome D. Davis Pennsylvania (ED) 4/23/2002 137 - 118 - Active
Percy Anderson California (CD) 5/1/2002 138 - 119 - Active
Lavenski R. Smith Eighth Circuit 7/19/2002 139 27 - - Active
Henry Edward Autrey Missouri (ED) 8/2/2002 140 - 120 - Active
Morrison C. England, Jr.*** California (ED) 8/2/2002 141 - 121 - Active
William D. Quarles, Jr. Maryland 3/14/2003 142 - 122 - Active
Allyson K. Duncan Fourth Circuit 8/15/2003 143 28 - 27 Active
Stephen C. Robinson New York (SD) 9/22/2003 144 - 123 - Resigned 8/11/10
John A. Houston California (SD) 10/7/2003 145 - 124 - Active
Marcia G. Cooke Florida (SD) 5/18/2004 146 - 125 28 Active
Sandra L. Townes New York (ED) 8/2/2004 147 - 126 29 Senior Status 5/1/15
Janice Rogers Brown DC Circuit 6/10/2005 148 29 - 30 Active
Susan D. Wigenton New Jersey 6/12/2006 149 - 127 31 Active
Jerome Holmes Tenth Circuit 8/9/2006 150 30 - - Active
Vanessa L. Bryant Connecticut 4/2/2007 151 - 128 32 Active
Otis D. Wright II California (CD) 4/16/2007 152 - 129 - Active
Richard A. Jones Washington (WD) 10/29/2007 153 - 130 - Active
Brian Stacy Miller*** Arkansas (ED) 4/17/2008 154 - 131 - Active
Mary Stenson Scriven Florida (MD) 9/30/2008 155 - 132 33 Active
C. Darnell Jones II Pennsylvania (ED) 10/30/2008 156 - 133 - Active
 
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA 2009–
Irene C. Berger West Virginia (SD) 11/9/2009 157 - 134 34 Active
Andre M. Davis Fourth Circuit 11/10/2009 + 31 - - Senior Status 2/28/2014
Charlene E. Honeywell Florida (MD) 11/12/2009 158 - 135 35 Active
Abdul K. Kallon Alabama (ND) 1/4/2010 159 - 136 - Active
Joseph A. Greenaway, Jr. Third Circuit 2/12/2010 + 32 - - Active
O. Rogeriee Thompson First Circuit 3/30/2010 160 33 - 36 Active
Brian A. Jackson*** Louisiana (MD) 6/15/2010 161 - 137 - Active
Tanya Walton Pratt Indiana (SD) 6/15/2010 162 - 138 37 Active
Sharon Johnson Coleman Illinois (ND) 7/13/2010 163 - 139 38 Active
James A. Wynn Jr. Fourth Circuit 8/10/2010 164 34 - - Active
J. Michelle Childs South Carolina 8/20/2010 165 - 140 39 Active
Denise Jefferson Casper Massachusetts 12/20/2010 166 - 141 40 Active
Raymond J. Lohier, Jr. Second Circuit 12/20/2010 167 35 - - Active
Carlton W. Reeves Mississippi (SD) 12/20/2010 168 - 142 - Active
Benita Pearson Ohio (ND) 12/27/2010 169 - 143 41 Active
Robert L. Wilkins District of Columbia 12/27/2010 170 - 144 - Elevated 1/24/14
James E. Graves, Jr. Fifth Circuit 2/15/2011 171 36 - - Active
Steve C. Jones Georgia (ND) 3/3/2011 172 - 145 - Active
Arenda L. Wright Allen Virginia (ED) 5/12/2011 173 - 146 42 Active
Bernice B. Donald Sixth Circuit 9/8/2011 + 37 - + Active
Nannette Jolivette Brown Louisiana (ED) 10/4/2011 174 - 147 43 Active
William F. Kuntz New York (ED) 10/4/2011 175 - 148 - Active
Andrew L. Carter, Jr. New York (SD) 12/8/2011 176 - 149 - Active
Margo K. Brodie New York (ED) 2/29/2012 177 - 150 44 Active
Brian C. Wimes Missouri (ED, WD) 4/30/2012 178 - 151 - Active
George Levi Russell, III Maryland 5/22/2012 179 - 152 - Active
Paul J. Watford Ninth Circuit 5/22/2012 180 38 - - Active
Michael Shipp New Jersey 7/26/2012 181 - 153 - Active
John T. Fowlkes, Jr. Tennessee (WD) 8/1/2012 182 - 154 - Active
Gershwin Allen Drain Michigan (ED) 8/8/2012 183 - 155 - Active
Ketanji Brown Jackson District of Columbia 3/26/2013 184 - 156 45 Active
Raymond P. Moore Colorado 3/26/2013 185 - 157 - Active
Troy L. Nunley California (ED) 3/26/2013 186 - 158 - Active
Analisa Torres New York (SD) 4/23/2013 187 - 159 46 Active
Vernon S. Broderick New York (SD) 9/10/2013 188 - 160 - Active
Sara L. Ellis Illinois (ND) 10/8/2013 189 - 161 47 Active
Andrea R. Wood Illinois (ND) 10/15/2013 190 - 162 48 Active
Debra M. Brown Mississippi (ND) 11/5/2013 191 - 163 49 Active
Gregory H. Woods III New York (SD) 11/18/2013 192 - 164 - Active
Brian J. Davis Florida (MD) 12/26/2013 193 - 165 - Active
Robert L. Wilkins DC Circuit 1/15/2014 + 39 - - Active
Linda Vivienne Parker Michigan (ED) 3/17/2014 194 - 166 50 Active
Christopher R. Cooper District of Columbia 3/28/2014 195 - 167 - Active
George J. Hazel Maryland 5/2/2014 196 - 168 - Active
Steven P. Logan Arizona 5/16/2014 197 - 169 - Active
Tanya S. Chutkan District of Columbia 6/5/2014 198 - 170 51 Active
Richard Franklin Boulware II Nevada 6/10/2014 199 - 171 - Active
Darrin Phillip
Gayles ±
Florida (SD) 6/19/2014 200 - 172 - Active
Staci Michelle Yandle ± Illinois (SD) 6/19/2014 201 - 173 52 Active
Ronnie L White Missouri (ED) 7/16/2014 202 - 174 - Active
Andre Birotte Jr. California (CD) 8/8/2014 203 - 175 - Active
Leslie Joyce Abrams Georgia (MD) 11/20/2014 204 - 176 53 Active
Eleanor Louise Ross Georgia (ND) 11/20/2014 205 - 177 54 Active
Wendy Beetlestone Pennyslyvania (ED) 11/21/2014 206 - 178 55 Active
Victor Allen Boden Connecticut 11/21/2014 207 - 179 - Active
Haywood Stirling Gilliam, Jr. California (ND) 12/19/2014 208 - 180 - Active
Loretta Copeland Biggs North Carolina (MD) 12/19/2014 209 - 181 56 Active
Alfred Homer Bennett Texas (SD) 4/15/2015 210 - 182 - Active
George Carol Hanks, Jr. Texas (SD) 4/22/2015 211 - 183 - Active

Legend

CD - Central District ED - Eastern District MD - Middle District ND - Northern District SD - Southern District
WD - Western District (+) Previously appointed to federal court
(±) LGBT
* Reorganized as the Court of International Trade in 1980 ** Transferred to the Federal Circuit in 1982 *** Current Chief Judge

Data is based on information collected through July 31, 2015. To learn more about the federal courts go to www.fjc.gov.

All Appointments

 

Partnership with JTB-APO

Just the Beginning - A Pipeline Organization logo

MCCA, in partnership with Just the Beginning - A Pipeline Organization, tracks and annually publishes the Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary.

President Barack Obama

As of July 31, 2015, the total number of President Obama Article III judgeship nominees to be confirmed by the US Senate is 309, including two justices to the Supreme Court, 51 judges to the US Courts of Appeals and 254 judges to the US district courts.

Appointments by President

African-American Asian-American &
Pacific Islander
 
Hispanic/Latino Native American
 
LGBT

Article III Judges

Click below to view a complete list of Article III judges based on race, ethnicity.


African-American

Asian-American
& Pacific Islander

Hispanic/Latino
Native Americans
Native American

LGBT

United States Circuit Courts

First Circuit Seventh Circuit
Second Circuit Eighth Circuit
Third Circuit Ninth Circuit
Fourth Circuit Tenth Circuit
Fifth Circuit Eleventh Circuit
Sixth Circuit Fed/DC Circuit

 

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